Difference between naturalisation and denization:
On contrary to the naturalisation, denization refers to partial allowance of the facilities conferred to a British citizen although it does include providing them with law protection and other quite basic rights just as any citizen of the Great Britain. But they are devoid of the rights to vote, purchase property and are liable to pay taxes according to those fixed for the foreign UK immigrants.
Basic eligibility to apply for UK citizenship:
In order to become a UK citizen, one has to be of 18 years or older along with accomplishing a privilege to acquire permanent residency in the UK or retaining the status of indefinite leave to remain (ILR). However, in case of a person whose parents had acquired UK citizenship, he has to apply for UK citizenship despite being born in the UK depending variably on the birth time and place as well as context situation of his parents at that point. In contrast, the person who has settled there after being a UK immigrant for specified span of time; may apply for the UK citizenship via naturalisation.
Who can register for UK citizenship?
On the basis of possessing British nationality of any kind, one still needs to register for the UK citizenship only if the person doesn’t own citizenship or nationality of any other state. Different kinds of British nationalities refer to British subjects, British overseas citizens, British nationals (overseas) or British protected persons. All the people belonging to these nationality categories must register themselves in order to attain UK citizenship. The eligibility criteria regarding this includes having being resided in the UK or Hong Kong, worked in overseas armed forces, civil services or diplomatic services. Those having a link with Gibraltar prior to May 21, 2002 may also register for the UK citizenship.
Different categories for attaining UK citizenship
UK citizenship without marrying a UK citizen:
In case of applying for the UK citizenship independently, the eligibility criteria given by the Home Office implies that one must be dwelling in the UK for the last five years during which the person has not been absent from the UK for more than 450 days and must make sure of his presence within the UK boundaries in the last 12 months since the date of application with the exception of only 90 days. Moreover, it is crucial for the applicant to retain satisfactory knowledge of English, Scottish Gaelic or Welsh language in addition to sticking with the UK immigration rules and good character particularly in the specified span of time.
Civil partnership or marriage with a UK citizen:
The people belonging to this category must have their residency in the UK for the last three years and have not crossed the UK boundary for more than 90 days since the date of application while in the overall period of 3 years; they have to make sure their absence was not for more than 270 days. Also they must be abiding by the UK immigration rules strictly within that period of 3 years exhibiting high moral character and fine knowledge of English, Scottish Gaelic or Welsh language. In addition, they must attain the status of permanent residence in the UK or possess either settled status provided under the EU Settlement Scheme or ILR (Indefinite leave to remain).
UK citizenship via ILR status:
In case of acquiring indefinite leave to remain, one must reside in the UK for a time span of 5 years. After getting the ILR status, there is a crucial requirement of dwelling in the UK for almost 12 months period in order to be eligible for applying for the UK citizenship via ILR status. This requirement is limited to only those who want to attain UK citizenship without marrying a UK citizen. However, in case of an applicant being the spouse of a UK citizen, one can promptly apply for UK citizenship.
UK citizenship via permanent residence status:
If a person or his family member originates in European Union, European Economic Area or Switzerland, he may inevitably gain the status of permanent residence after spending 5-years residency period in the UK. One must possess “Permanent residence card” for legal verification of permanent residence in the UK. Depending on the application criteria, one may have to wait for 12 months period after conceiving the status of permanent residence in the UK in order to apply for the UK citizenship. The average time for processing of a permanent residency card ranges from almost 6 to 10 weeks.
UK citizenship for commonwealth citizens:
Some of the commonwealth citizens possess “right of abode” in the UK, thereby, are able to live and do any kind of job free of the limitations of the UK immigration. However, a commonwealth citizen can be eligible under the Windrush Scheme in order to apply for the UK citizenship in any of the two following conditions:
- The applicant or his parents moved to the UK prior to the year 1973
- The applicant has been residing in the UK while making sure his absence is not more for 2 years.
Two basic requirements for UK citizenship:
In addition to whole set of legally verified documents, two of the basic requirements for attaining the UK citizenship include proving one’s knowledge of English as well as taking “Life in the UK’ test.
Proving knowledge of English:
One has to be of 18 years or older in order to prove his knowledge of English while applying for the UK citizenship. Although, some exceptions exist in the cases in which they do not have to prove their knowledge in the English language.
There are two ways for exhibiting one’s English knowledge:
- Possessing an English language degree
- Possessing an English qualification at B1, B2, C1 or C2 level.
In case of providing incorrect qualifications, the application for the UK citizenship is declined.
“Life in the UK test”:
This test basically encompasses the need for an individual becoming a UK citizen in terms of seeking awareness about the basic cultural traditions and customs morally practiced in the UK in order to provoke healthy relationship among its citizens. This test usually costs £50 and comprises of 24 questions that are to be answered in the given time of 45 minutes. In order to pass this test, one needs to secure 75% or more. After passing the test, a unique reference number is allotted that is needed for the applicant during the processing of the citizenship protocol. In case of failing the test, one can re-attempt after a gap of 7 days by again registering for the test. The people with age below 18 or above 65 are not required to take the “Life in the UK” test. Moreover, this test is not a crucial requirement for the people who have successfully taken the test before as during the settlement processing and the people suffering from chronic mental or physical disabilities.
Well, the maximum time usually taken for the processing of an application regarding acquiring the UK citizenship is up to 6 months. However, the UK citizenship verdict is generally given in almost 3 months on an average by the Home Office. During that span of time, the applicant is all free to move outside the UK while his application is still in the awaiting list. In case of successful attainment of the UK citizenship, one has to attend the official registration ceremony where certificate of naturalisation as a British citizen is also awarded.